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Tiền Thời Lê Văn Khôi

The Nguy-khoi Rebellion. The Nung Rebellion. Doubtful Coins. 1600 to date.



The Nguy-khoi Rebellion.


KHOI was an officer of high rank in the employ of the Government in Lower Cochinchina. he was accused of holding ambitious views and of wishing to assert his independence, and therefore was called to the court of Hue to give an account of his actions. Afraid to appear, he raised the standard of rebellion in the province of Saigon, and very soon became master of the Mytho, Bien-hoa, Baria and Mo-xai districts.

King MINH-MANG became seriously alarmed at the proportions of this rebellion, and sent troops by land and sea to quell it. The royal army slowly regained possession of the disturbed districts, with the exception of Saigon, which became the centre of the insurrectionary movement, the inhabitants offering serious resistance. The town was besieged, and had it not been for the treachery of one of the rebel chiefs who opened the gates of the citadel, the royal troops would have been kept in check for a considerable time.

KHOI was made a prisoner, taken to Hue, and condemned to death by being slowly cut to pieces. About the same time nearly two thousand of his followers were put to the sword at Saigon and were buried in the place known to this day as the field of Graves.

No. 240. - Obverse: Tri-nguyen-thong-bao
Reverse: A crescent and a dot on the right and left of the hole. Lead. Coin issued by Khoi (1831-1834).


The Nung Rebellion.


NUHG VAN-VAN was the feudal chief of the Bao-lac district. who, availing himself of the insurrection in Tunquin of a descendant of the LE Dynasty, followed his example by revolting in 1832, in the provinces of [][] Tuyen-quang. [][] Cao-bang, [][] Lang-son, and [][] Thai-nguyen. His fortunes were checkered, and although he twice gained possession of the city of Cao-bang, on each occasion he had soon to retire before the royal troops sent against him.

For three years he kept the troops at bay in the mountains to which he had fled, but having; suffered severe defeat at Bao-lac, he found himself compelled to seek refuge in China. On his arrival he was persecuted by the mandarins to whom the Annamese had applied for his extradition, and fearing to be caught, he re-entered Annam and tried to hide himself in the An-quang-xa woods. He was discovered, however, by the Annamese, who, fearing that he might again escape, surrounded the woods and set fire to them. On the following day the charred body of NUNG VAN-VAN was found near some rocks.

No. 241. - Obverse: Nguyen-long-thong-bao. The character Nguyen written in the running hand style.
Reverse: plain. White copper.

No. 242. - Obverse: Same as before, but with the four characters written in plain style.
Reverse: plain.

No. 243. - Obverse: Same as No. 241.
Reverse: with a double rim.

No. 244. - Obverse: Same as No. 241.
Reverse: The character Xuong, the meaning of which is uncertain.


Doubtful Coins. 1600 to date.


Having completed the classification of Annamese coins, there still remain a number of cash bearing the names of Princes, of rebel chiefs, or of various mints. Their Annamese origin is well established, but owing to the want of precise information regarding the history of the country, it has been found impossible to place them under separate and distinct headings. It has therefore been considered best to class tliem as doubtful until the researches of others shall have supplied the means of determining the respective periods to which they belong.

Among them there are doubtless many from the Quang-nam Principality, the rulers of which were kings de facto and issued coins at various times. But in making up the chronological tables of the different Annamese dynasties, the name used by these rulers in their own territory could not be traced, and it has therefore been found impossible to classify the coins issued by them.

The classification of other doubtful coins cast by certain rebels presents still greater difficulties owing to the shortness of time during which some of those chiefs were in arms, and to the fact that the names under which they fought, or the titles they assumed when in revolt, have not as a rule been recorded to Annamese books.

The following is a list of these coins:

No. 245. - Obverse: Thieu-thanh-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: The character Chanh, the meaning of which has already been explained. Copper mixed with tin.

No. 246. - Obverse: Ninh-thi-thong-bao. The character Bao, written in an abbreviated form.
Reverse: without rim. Heavy coin made of white copper.

No. 247. - Obverse: Minh-dinh-tong-bao. The characters Tong-bao written in the seal style.
Reverse: plain.

No. 248. - Obverse: Canh-nguyen-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 249. - Obverse: Same as before, but written in seal characters.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 250. - Obverse: Thanh-tong-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: plain. Red and white copper.

No. 251. - Obverse: Can-nguyen-thong-bao.
Reverse: without rim. Red Copper. Seems to have been cast in Upper Tunquin.

No. 252. - Obverse: Phuoc-binh-nguyen-bao. Written in seal characters.
Reverse: plain. Copper mixed with tin.

No. 253. - Obverse: Tieu-qui-thong-bao. Written in running hand and seal characters.
Reverse: plain. Yellow copper.

No. 254. - Obverse: Thuong-nguyen-thong-bao.
Reverse: without rim. White copper.

No. 255. - Same as before, but of smaller size. These coins are very thin and of three or four different sizes.

No. 256. - Obverse: Thieu-phu-nguyen-bao. Written in seal characters.
Reverse: plain. Red copper.

No. 257. - Obverse: Nguyen-phu-thong-bao. Written in seal characters.
Reverse: without rim. White copper.

No. 258. - Obverse: Dai-coung-thanh-bao.
Reverse: plain. Red copper.

No. 259. - Obverse: Khai-kien-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain. Red copper.

No. 260. - Obverse: Sung-minh-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 261. - Obverse: Dai-hoa-thong-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 262. - Obverse: Canh-ti-thong-bao.
Reverse: without rim.
Note: Second character looks more like Thinh.

No. 263. - Obverse: Thien-nguyen-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 264. - Same as before, but with the character of the obverse written in the seal style.

No. 265. - Obverse: Nguyen-tri-thong-bao. The characters tri and bao written in the seal style.

No. 266. - Obverse: Hoang-hi-tong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 267. - Obverse: Khai-thanh-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 268. - Obverse: Thieu-thanh-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 269. - Obverse: Same as before, bat with the character binh instead of thong.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 270. - Obverse: Thieu-tong-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 271. - Obverse: Thieu-nguyen-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 272. - Obverse: Thuong-tong-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 273. - Obverse: Thuong-thanh-thong-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 274. - Obverse: Hi-tong-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 275. - Obverse: Ung-cam-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 276. - Obverse: Thong-phu-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 277. - Obverse: Hi-thieu-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 278. - Obverse: Chanh-nguyen-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain. Copper mixed with tin.

No. 279. - Obverse: Same as before.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 280. - Obverse: Same as No. 278.
Reverse: A dot above the hole.

No. 281. - Obverse: Same as No. 278.
Reverse: A crescent on the left of the hole.

No. 282. - Obverse: Same as No. 278.
Reverse: A crescent on the right of the hole.

No. 283. - Obverse: Thien-duc-nguyen-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 284. - Obverse: Hoang-ban-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 285. - Obverse: Thien-minh-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain. Lead. Coin made in the Quang-nam province.

No. 286. - Obverse: Thai-thanh-thong-bao.
Reverse: without rim.

No. 287. - Obverse: Dai-thanh-thong-bao.
Reverse: plain.

No. 288. - Obverse: Tri-binh-thong-bao.
Reverse: A crescent on the left of the hole.

No. 289. - Obverse: Chanh-hoa-thong-bao.
Reverse: A crescent on the right of the hole.

No. 290. - Obverse: Same as before.
Reverse: A crescent and dot on each side of the hole.



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